Waiting in line

UK team in St Vincents hospital, Aliade, Nigeria – February 2014

Operation Hernia – St Vincent’s Aliade, Nigeria

February 1st- February 10th 2014

The time was not long since I first visited St Vincent’s Hospital, Aliade in Nigeria, September 2013 with the team from Operation Hernia.

February 2014 I was the leader and founder of the next mission.

Waiting in line

Waiting in line

The need of help is ongoing as the nr of people in need is very high in the region.

I had short time to prepare my team but I had the trust on the people I left behind, the operating theatre staff, Peter, Benjamin, Lawrence, Francis and Simon to be part of the team.

The news to go back was very welcome by everyone at St Vincent, Sisters of Nativity, Sister Helen and Sister Rose as well as Dr Austin Ella, who organized the preparation, in Nigeria.

In the attempt to organize my team, with a surgeon with Pediatric surgery experience, I met Mr. Ogedegbe, Consultant General, Breast and Pediatric Surgeon in London, who he is Nigerian, one more reason to approach him and ask if he was willing to join the team. After few weeks he gave me a positive answer.

Preparing the theatre

Preparing the theatre

Pre-op inguino-scrotal hernia

Pre-op inguino-scrotal hernia

The team was made of two Consultants Surgeons, Mr. Ogedegbe and I.

We were planning to use the local anesthetic cover.

We arrived in Abuja Sunday morning 2nd Feb. Welcome by the Pharmacist Dada and our driver Simon, who they help us to take our staff and drove us all the way to St Vincent’s, Aliade.

We had a very warm welcome by Sister Rose, Sister Helen, all the local theatre staff and the locals, as they know how to welcome their visitors.

The work started Monday 3rd February, 08:00 am, a crowd of people was already waiting to see us.

We started seeing them, to create our day’s list. Most of the people did not know the exact date of birth, their age was guessed; the dry season easy left the white earthy dust on their body, easy to guess the distance and the way they had travelled to reach us.

Mr. Ogedegbe and I with the local theatre staff, Peter, Benjamin, Lawrence, Francis, Simon and Pharmacist Dada, coordinated our work and started operating by 10 am. The following days, to Saturday 8th/Feb. from 08:00 to 18:30.

Sister Rose and Sister Helen they were making our stay comfortable, as much as possible, with plenty of food and cool drinks to keep us going.

Spigelian hernia

Spigelian hernia

The six days of work we accomplished 75 operations, repairing hernias. 7 cases were bilateral, 15 were women and 8 children from age of 2+ to 15 year old. 8 cases were done under GA. One of the cases, a recurrent inguinal hernia on a yang man early thirties needed, team effort work and was converted form LA to GA, he was admitted to the word and discharged well two days latter.

All the rest of the patients were discharged on the same day.

To build this mission in a short time a number of people and companies supported me.

1)Ansell Healthcare Europe, for the Gammex surgical gloves. We thank Mr. Garry Brinn for his assistance.

2) Swan – Morton, for the supply of Disposable Surgical knifes. We thank Miss Tracy Liggins for her assistance.

3)Mr. Andrew Kingsnorth, Operation Hernia Charity, supplied us with the Mosquito Mesh.

4)NHS Trust.

5)Senior Theatre Nurse Margaret had gathered some of the essential materials, she sent to me, after she had to postpone her trip for family reasons. An extra luggage, I had to pay at BA of 117 pounds. The payment was raised from the financial support of my Greek friends from UK, who their help made this mission easier to be accomplished. Their names are following.

Father Andreas and Presvitera Alkmini, Father Damianos, Mr. and Mrs. Loizou,

Mrs. S Katsarou, Mrs. M Stelianou, Serafim and Andrie Kyriakides from St Panteleymon Greek School.

I am happy to know, Mr. Ogedegbe will continue his support to St Vincent’s Hospital.

Sister Rose, Sister Helen, the Operating theatre team with the Pharmacist, and all their people, all are congratulated on their efforts for improvements they achieve.

We hope, in future, Operation Hernia and Mr. Andrew Kingsnorth to support more Surgeons towards, this destination.

Zoe Vlamaki MD FRCS

Team leader and founder of the mission.

Operation Hernia Report

UK Team to Aliade, Nigeria

September 2013

Hard at work

Hard at work

Nigeria, or the Federal Republic of Nigeria as it officially known, has a population of around 169 million people distributed amongst its 36 states and the federal capital, Abuja. Like many sub-Saharan countries the wealth, and therefore access to healthcare, is disproportionately focussed around a relatively small geographical area.

Our team from the UK consisted of: Maria Boutabba, a multiply experienced RODP and Clinical Team Leader, Tim Brown and Zoe Vlamaki who are both consultant surgeons, Paul Sutton and John Whittaker who are surgical trainees and Alex James the team’s anaesthetist. We spent a week at St Vincent’s Hospital, a primary care facility in Aliade, Benue state.

We landed in Abuja in a torrential thunder storm, predictable as we had arrived just at the end of the rainy season. We were met at the airport by our driver and the hospital’s pharmacist who were to accompany on us on our journey to Aliade. We stayed the first night at a convent in Abuja and once rested we began the 5 hour journey. We were loaded into a minibus just of sufficient size to transport us and our baggage and travelled by road. The road conditions were poor, although largely tarmac and we successfully traversed 5 states (and any number of road blocks) to arrive at Benue. We stopped briefly at Makurdi, the largest town in the state, to visit Reverend Peter who was the sponsor for our trip. We then travelled the last hour to Aliade and were met at the hospital with a traditional welcoming ceremony, including dancing and singing. Our first trip was to the theatre complex where we unpacked all of our kit, and fortunately found a great deal of other kit that had been left from previous missions. We then settled in our accommodation ready for the early start on Sunday.

A 6 30 breakfast followed by a stroll down to theatre marked the start of our first day. There were in excess of 100 patients waiting for us, each waving a green hospital notes folder. We began the process of ‘screening’, which involved seeing patients who thought they had a hernia however the yield was probably around 75%. We had the support of the hospital’s surgeon (non-medically trained) and his team, and under the guidance of our team leader, Maria Boutabba, they soon had the processes they needed for rapid turnover between cases. Our first case was a 32 year old lady who had a large incisional hernia from a previous laparotomy for appendicitis, followed by a 7 year old boy with an inguinal hernia. Many cases later we were well into double figures and happy that we were established for the remainder of the week.

The team’s senior consultant, Tim Brown, and the registrar, Paul Sutton, performed the paediatric cases over the subsequent few mornings totalling 14 by the end of the week. Our anaesthetist, Alex James, rapidly became proficient in balancing spinal anaesthesia, sedation (with ketamine, midazolam or propofol) and other regional techniques in challenging circumstances to permit us to continue with this work. In parallel there was another operating table (within the same theatre) where Zoe Vlamaki and Jonathan Whittaker continued with the inguinal hernias. In between these we were screening patients, rapidly turning over cases and preparing equipment and consumables.

Antiquated anaesthetic machine

Antiquated anaesthetic machine

Any ideas

Any ideas

Alongside the screening we were collecting data for a research study into perceptions of health and therefore impact of hernia surgery in a sub-Saharan patient cohort, which we are planning on comparing to the UK population. We also spent some time teaching the local staff how to repair hernias. It was clear that they had seen many hernia repairs previously, and technically were well equipped. There was however some disregard for the tissues and the patient (who on the whole had local anaesthesia only), and more concerningly there seemed to be an unwillingness of the local team to have their technique refined.

By our third day we were well and truly into the swing of things. We were by this point working over three operating tables and the local surgical team were also performing cases. We were shortly however to be hit with some difficulties. Whilst the local team were performing a hydrocoelectomy in an adjacent theatre they ran into some problems and the patient suffered a cardiac arrest. The cause of this was unclear, and despite concerted effort we were unable to revive him. He had been intubated, ventilated, received intravenous fluids, adrenaline and atropine however without access to a defibrillator or intra-lipid, nor facilities to transfer out to another hospital, we were somewhat limited in what we were able to offer. This event marked the end of the operating day and the local reverend and doctor were called who attended the hospital. They spoke to the theatre team and the local patients and the atmosphere was understandably sombre. We left reflective and unsure of how safe and appropriate it was for us to continue.

We decided to stay however, largely as we felt there was a great deal of good work we could still do. Despite the events of the previous day the crowds were still there in their drones keen for surgery. We continued with the cases, rotating surgeons to try and stave off fatigue. The trainees benefited from the guidance and expertise of Tim Brown, and also the opportunity to perform a number of similar cases in quick succession to consolidate experience. In between cases we conducted ward rounds of our post-operative patients, which were few given the extremely high threshold for admission. We used antibiotics extremely sparingly, although all had access to analgesia. On the whole patients were keen to leave the hospital, even if they had had a spinal and their motor function had not yet returned! Language was an issue, and so post operative instructions were extremely simple.

The biggest challenge of the next couple of days was the intermittent nature of the power supply. We had a large fan in theatre (aptly named ‘Ox’ as it certainly worked like one!) which kept the temperature at bearable levels. We benefited from intermittent lighting and diathermy and a variety of instruments, some more suitable to the cases than others. We all rapidly got used to Maria’s routine of securing the blades to the scalpel with steristrips prior to the case, and had quickly exhausted our supply of the most appropriate sutures. Tackling difficult hernias with local anaesthetic under difficult conditions, combined with the (presumably tuberculous) persistent coughing made for some challenging operating conditions.

The team: party night

The team: party night

By Wednesday we had screened more than enough patients for our visit, however agreed to continue for the benefit of future missions. We were brought a gentleman from clinic with an incarcerated hernia however on reviewing him it was clear he was unwell and strangulation was likely. He had a spinal anaesthetic and we proceeded (with a decision to incision time of around 15 minutes!) On opening the sac he had 25cm of non viable small bowel which was resected and the repair completed. He faired well over the first 36 post operative hours however by the time we were leaving it was clear he had developed an ileus and therefore we arranged his transfer to a secondary care facility at Makurdi. The remainder of the day proceeded uneventfully, and we retired again to our accommodation. We were always extremely well looked after by Sisters Helen and Rose, who kept us well fed and rested during the evenings.

Our penultimate day got off to an uneventful start, however we had set ourselves some fairly ambitious operating lists and so settled down into a busy routine. We had decided by this point not to screen any more patients, and therefore the day actually finished rather earlier than the previous day (18 30). In the evening we were treated to a party. A number of the hospital staff had come to have dinner with us and we were thanked for all of our efforts and each presented with a gift. It was a brilliant opportunity to socialise with the hospital staff and their gratitude was clear.

Friday was largely committed to tidying up the theatres, re-packing equipment and packing our personal kit. We had a couple of cases that had rolled over from the day before which we tackled within the first hour. We headed back to our accommodation to wait for Simon our driver and left shortly after midday for the long road journey back to Abuja (7 hours this time). Our bags were checked 3 times at the airport and the usual emigration, customs and security checks placed us firmly airside ready for our trip home. A successful and eventful week totalling 84 operations on 78 patients, as well as lots of experiences and friendships made and cemented.

Team Members (UK)

Maria Boutabba

Tim Brown

Zoe Vlamaki

Alex James

Paul Sutton

John Whittaker

Supported at the hospital by:

Reverend Sisters Helen, Rose and Grace

Pharmacist Dauda




Uncle Sam and not least our conscientious HSDU assistant.

Welcome to the Team

Report from the local staff at St Vincent’s Hospital, Aliade November 2012

Welcome to the Team

Welcome to the Team



We would like to express our appreciation for the understanding, patients, generosity and good work you came and did for our people from 28th October – 3rd November, 2012. In fact your team came with their unique way which was nice. Dr. Andreas Osterwalder came with great sense of humor and creative magic power at the send-forth party.

Your team (Andreas, Giampiero Campanelli & Cristina, Shambhu Yadav, Paolo Sorelli) arrived at our hospital on a Sunday 28th October, 2012. As soon as the reception was over and the departure of the Okpoga team was complete, you rested for a few minutes and thereafter proceeded to the theatre for orientation.



A Tough Case

A Tough Case

We were meeting for the first time in life and our friendship started. It was as if both teams were working together for a long time.

The items brought for the hospital were handed over to the team leader Mr. Peter Azaagee and were fully introduced on how to use them without problems, following your demonstration were there was need.

Your generosity came out fully as the new and modern diathermy machine with all its components was coupled and tested in the presence of all members of the newly formed team.

The cordial working relationship gave you the highest scores among the previous teams that had ever visited us and that was the most reason why you were able to handle a123 patients in one week successfully.

A Little One

A Little One

In addition, your team is the very first that has recognized the hospital team following the gifts to our members. This serves as encouragement to us.

Finally, the people of this hospital will never forget your team for the good work, cordial working relationship and generosity we experienced from you within a short period of one week which we worked together. The community will ever remember the visit of 28th October – 3rd November, 2012, mostly the 123 patients you operated.

Thank you.

Sign: Mr Azaagee Peter and Theatre Team

Cc: Prof. Campanelli G.

:Shambhu Yadav

:Paolo Sorelli

:Christiana Spata

: Catholic Diocese of Makurdi

Welcome at the gates

Welcome at the gates

Welcome at the gates

Report by Francesc Marsal: St Vincent’s Hospital, Aliade. Nigeria. Spanish Team

Last 26th November 2011 we left from Barcelona airport to our destination in Nigeria.

The whole team met up at Heathrow Airport. We took 14 boxes each weighing 23 kilos. The boxes contained surgical material and presents for the local people. In Barcelona, British Airways helped us a lot with the customs issues and didn’t charge any extra weight.

We arrived at Abuja International Airport at 05:35 on the 27th where Dr Austin Ella was waiting for us. The procedure through customs was long but fairly agile. We then loaded the boxes and our luggage into a Toyota pick-up and a mini-bus and set off. After a 6-hour trip with many police controls, we arrived safety at St Vincent´s Hospital in Aliade.



2 tables operating

2 tables operating

We were received by the local team, headed by Peter. We met the Sisters of Nativity (Sister Helen and Sister Rose) and we were welcomed by the performance of a welcome tribal dance by the local residents. That afternoon the team set to work to prepare the theatres for the operations the next day.

We had brought new bulbs for the theatre lamps and two new boxes of surgical material for hernia repair. We had also brought a two new pulse oximeter which they didn’t have. We started to operate at 07:00 every morning after a good breakfast prepared by Sister Rose.

For 5 days the Spanish team of 5 surgeons and 2 nurses, together with the local team operated on 78 patients with 110 procedures.

Spanish Team and our hosts

Spanish Team and our hosts

The results were very satisfactory and for the first time ever we used “mosquito mesh” (59 cases). Friday was the hardest day when we operated on 24 patients. In all we experienced complex cases (14 bilateral hernia) and 9 large hydrocele. We used loco-regional anaesthesia in 57 cases, and the rest cases with local anaesthesia.

When we lefts Aliade on 3th December we felt very satisfied with our work and the friends we had made.

The team members were: Enrique Navarrete, Maria del Pilar Consejo, Juan Manuel Moreno, Francesc Marsal, Riverola Aso, Blanco Rodriguez, Arantave Caravaca, Candeal Haro.

Anglo-Irish and Swiss Team

Anglo-Irish and Swiss Team, Aliade, Nigeria 17-27 FEBRUARY 2010

Annyar You’re welcome. With a touch to the forehead and chest followed by a slight bow, each colourfully dressed greeter would then take our hand and shake it. Regardless of social or financial station, the heartfelt greeting was the same annyar.

Anglo-Irish and Swiss Team

Anglo-Irish and Swiss Team

Four European surgeons (Richard Stephens, Shorland Hosking, Peter Nussbaumer, Andrew Kingsnorth) and one anaesthetist (Richard Salam) bumped for six hours in a very full minibus from the airport to our hospital base for the next week. Presentation of flowers, singing and dancing greeted us as we stepped into the 41°C heat. Posters around the town (photo) had heralded our arrival Operation Hernia by Professor Kingsnorth and team . Boxes of instruments, diathermy machines, gloves and sutures were hoisted onto porter s heads and taken to the operating theatre for unpacking and sorting. No electricity for 24 hours a day is normal, necessitating a new generator being installed to provide continuous (African style) power for theatres.

And so we started. By dawn patients with hernias started arriving; young, old, fit, HIV negative, HIV positive, pregnant, curious. Following confirmation of a hernia(s) they made their way to the theatres where they waited their turn. Nobody seemed to mind waiting for as long as it took word on the street came back that this was a small price to pay for a well performed procedure as a day case. Like the children of Israel they kept coming and we kept operating two tables on the go from 8 til 5. Eighty patients and one hundred hernias later we reached full time and still they kept coming. Names were taken with the promise that the next hernia team arriving three months later would see to their hernia.

The Team - Operating

The Team – Operating

Training the local medical team

Training the local medical team

By day two an important discovery was to change our approach in a significant way. Initially, the hospital s medical officers came to theatre for training but it quickly became apparent that their surgical skills were considerably less than those of the theatre scrub nurses. Furthermore, these nurses interest and enthusiasm to learn the mesh repair (they were familiar with the Bassini technique) was impressive. And so they began to assist, progressing naturally into performing under supervision. As they were taught (see photo), their enthusiasm visibly increased, work rate and efficiency improved further and the whole team worked so well. What a difference empowerment makes. It needed to, for it was the Europeans who began to wilt by mid-afternoon. Despite three air conditioners, theatre temperatures reached 30°C during the afternoon session.

Armed with mesh generously donated by several companies the pile of mesh nonetheless shrank rapidly at the rate of 20 hernias per day. The solution was simple but brilliant. Mosquito net was cut to size and sterilised. Initial attempts at high temperatures were rapidly modified when the net melted in the autoclave. The right temperature was found and the problem of sterile mesh was solved easily and cheaply.

Boys swimming, Aliade, Nigeria

Boys swimming, Aliade, Nigeria

Stepping outside the theatres onto the wards revealed a much bigger problem. HIV. Sub-Saharan Africa has been devastated by this virus. In our area of Nigeria forty per cent of the population are affected. In our hospital eighty per cent of the work load is HIV related. Thanks to huge inputs by overseas charities, antiviral drugs are now available free of charge. The effort in education and community is impressive.

As we said our goodbyes at the Hospital, “annyar came at us from all directions. How strange, until we learnt that annyar not only means welcome; it means thank you.

Shorland Hosking